Solar Ultraviolet Radiation Danger At Ski Resorts

Solar Ultraviolet Radiation Danger At Ski Resorts.

Skiers and other alfresco enthusiasts impecuniousness to be aware that factors such as weather conditions and time of day can cause considerable departure in the levels of ultraviolet (UV) radiation during the winter, researchers say. They analyzed observations collected between 2001 and 2003 at 32 high-altitude ski resorts in western North America click this link. They also interviewed mature guests at the resorts and looked at their clothing and equipment in order to assess their supine of sun protection.

Average UV levels at the ski resorts were moderately low but mixed substantially, the researchers found. Clear skies, time close to noon, and more hours of sunlight as the ski season progressed were the strongest predictors of increased UV radiation go here. The researchers also found youngster associations between higher UV radiation and altitude, longitude and temperature.

However, elevated UV levels were not associated with increased use of sun-protection measures, such as sunscreen lip balm, petition of sunscreen 30 minutes before skiing, wearing a chairwoman cover with a brim, or wearing gloves. The swot did find that as UV levels increased, adults were more likely to wear sunscreen with a nominal 15 SPF and to reapply it after two hours, and more likely to wear sunglasses or goggles. Men were more disposed to than women to use sunscreen.

Read more

tag : protection sunscreen levels researchers resorts higher radiation outdoor clear

Glaucoma Is Attacking The US Population

Glaucoma Is Attacking The US Population.

The changing makeup of the US residents is expected to move to an increase in cases of glaucoma, the leading cause of vision detriment in the country, experts say. A number of demographic and health trends have increased the enumerate of Americans who fall into the major risk groups for glaucoma look at this. These trends include: the aging of America, crop in the black and Hispanic populations, the ongoing obesity epidemic.

And as more people become at risk, expected eye exams become increasingly important, eye experts say. Early detection of glaucoma is elementary to preserving a person's sight, but eye exams are the only way to catch the affliction before serious damage is done to vision more bonuses. "The big thing about glaucoma is that it doesn't have any signs or symptoms," said Dr Mildred Olivier of the Midwest Glaucoma Center in Hoffman Estates, Ill, and a lodge fellow of Prevent Blindness America.

And "By the time someone says, 'Gosh, I have a problem,' they are in the end stages of glaucoma. It's already captivated most of their sight away. That's why we call glaucoma 'the pad thief of sight.'"

Glaucoma currently affects more than 4 million Americans, although only half have been diagnosed, according to the Glaucoma Research Foundation. It's cited as the cause of 9 to 12 percent of all cases of blindness in the United States, with about 120000 community blinded by the disease.

Glaucoma is most often caused by an widen in the ordinary fluid pressure inside the eye, according to the US National Eye Institute. The added bring pressure to bear damages the optic nerve, the bundle of more than a million nerve fibers that send signals from the watch to the brain. In most cases, people first notice that they have glaucoma when they begin to lose their superficial vision.

By then, it's too late to save much of their eyesight. "Glaucoma is the number one cause of irreversible but avoidable blindness," said Dr Louis B Cantor, chairman and professor of ophthalmology at the Indiana University School of Medicine and head of the glaucoma serve at the Eugene and Marilyn Glick Eye Institute in Indianapolis. "By the day it's noticeable, 70 to 90 percent of wraith has been lost. Once it's gone, it's gone. There's no retrieving vision down the drain to glaucoma".

The most common risk factor for glaucoma is simply surviving. "Glaucoma is a disease of aging. The danger of developing glaucoma goes up considerably with aging". As the population of the United States ages, the issue of glaucoma cases will naturally increase. As Olivier said, "We're just succeeding to have more people who are older and living longer, so we'll have more glaucoma".

Read more

tag : glaucoma vision people cases americans blindness early exams sight

Ways To Treat Patients With Type 2 Diabetes To Heart Disease

Ways To Treat Patients With Type 2 Diabetes To Heart Disease.

Using surgical procedures to unobstructed clogged arteries in wing to gonfalon drug therapy seems to work better at maintaining good blood flow in diabetics with spunk disease, new research finds. The analysis, being presented Tuesday at the American Heart Association's annual assembly in Chicago, is part of a larger randomized clinical trial deciphering how best to use type 2 diabetics with heart disease. In that study, the US government-funded BARI 2D, all participants took cholesterol-lowering medications and blood stress drugs They were then were randomized either to pick up on drugs alone or to undergo a revascularization procedure - either bypass surgery or angioplasty.

The approve findings showed that patients fared equally well with either treatment strategy. But this more modern analysis took things a step further and found that there did, in fact, appear to be an added benefit from artery-opening procedures by the end of one year view site. More than 1500 patients who had participated in the archetype trial underwent an imaging strategy called stress myocardial perfusion SPECT or MPS, which were then analyzed in this study.

And "At one year, interestingly, we truism that patients who were randomized to revascularization had significantly less severe and less extensive and less severe myocardial perfusion blood issue abnormalities," said study author Leslee J Shaw, professor of prescription at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta. Shaw reported ties with weird pharmaceutical and related companies.

Read more

tag : patients study blood severe heart disease trial medicine randomized

Physical And Mental Health Issues After Cancer Survivors

Physical And Mental Health Issues After Cancer Survivors.

Many US cancer survivors have open somatic and mental health issues long after being cured, a reborn study finds. one expert wasn't surprised. "Many oncologists intuit that their patients may have unmet needs, but think that these will diminish with time - the current study challenges that notion," said Dr James Ferrara, armchair of cancer medicine at Tisch Cancer Institute at Mount Sinai in New York City home. The redesigned study confusing more than 1500 cancer survivors who completed an American Cancer Society survey asking about unmet needs.

More than one-third piercing to physical problems related to their cancer or its treatment. For example, incontinence and carnal problems were especially common among prostate cancer survivors, the report found. Cancer trouble often took a toll on financial health, too. About 20 percent of the investigation respondents said they continued to have problems with paying bills, long after the end of treatment This was especially loyal for black and Hispanic survivors.

Many respondents also expressed anxiety about the possible return of their cancer, in any event of the type of cancer or the number of years they had survived, according to the study published online Jan 12, 2015 in the minutes Cancer. "Overall, we found that cancer survivors are often caught off guard by the long problems they experience after cancer treatment," study author Mary Ann Burg, of the University of Central Florida in Orlando, said in a newsletter news release.

Read more

tag : cancer survivors treatment problems patients study needs disease system

The Placebo Effect Is Maintained Even While Informing The Patient

The Placebo Effect Is Maintained Even While Informing The Patient.

Confronting the "ethically questionable" warm-up of prescribing placebos to patients who are unmindful they are taking ninny pills, researchers found that a group that was told their medication was fake still reported significant symptom relief. In a memorize of 80 patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a control group received no healing while the other group was informed their twice-daily pill regimen were placebos for more info. After three weeks, nearly paired the number of those treated with dummy pills reported adequate symptom relief compared to the conduct group.

Those taking the placebos also doubled their rates of improvement to an almost equivalent level of the effects of the most telling IBS medications, said lead researcher Dr Ted Kaptchuk, an associate professor of medicament at Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center more. A 2008 chew over in which Kaptchuk took part showed that 50 percent of US physicians privately give placebos to unsuspecting patients.

Kaptchuk said he wanted to find out how patients would react to placebos without being deceived. Multiple studies have shown placebos mould for certain patients, and the power of positive thinking has been credited with the styled "placebo effect. This wasn't supposed to happen," Kaptchuk said of his results. "It categorically threw us off".

The test group, whose average age was 47, was for the most part women recruited from advertisements and referrals for "a novel mind-body management study of IBS," according to the study, reported online in the Dec 22, 2010 point of the journal PLoS ONE, which is published by the Public Library of Science. Prior to their indiscriminate assignment to the placebo or control group, all patients were told that the placebo pills contained no realistic medication. Not only were the placebos described truthfully as jobless pills similar to sugar pills, but the bottle they came in was labeled "Placebo".

Read more

tag : patients placebos group placebo pills kaptchuk study reported effects

Many US Tourists Do Not Know About The Health Risks When Traveling In Poor Countries

Many US Tourists Do Not Know About The Health Risks When Traveling In Poor Countries.

About half of the 30 million Americans who go each year to lower-income countries endeavour notification about potential health risks before heading abroad, experimental research shows. The survey of more than 1200 international travelers departing the United States at Boston Logan International Airport found that 38 percent were traveling to low- or middle-income nations view homepage. Only 54 percent of those travelers sought constitution suggestion one-time to their trip, and foreign-born travelers were the least likely to have done so, said the Massachusetts General Hospital researchers.

Lack of trouble about potential health problems was the most commonly cited reason for not seeking vigorousness information before departure to a poorer nation additional info. Of those who did try to find health knowledge about their destination, the Internet was the most common source, followed by primary-care doctors, the study authors found.

Read more

tag : health travelers hospital travel massachusetts international general traveling risks

Teenagers Diagnosed With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Teenagers Diagnosed With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Some kin entreat it "brain doping" or "meducation". Others label the problem "neuroenhancement". Whatever the term, the American Academy of Neurology has published a appointment paper criticizing the practice of prescribing "study drugs" to hike memory and thinking abilities in healthy children and teens reloramax. The authors said physicians are prescribing drugs that are typically cast-off for children and teenagers diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity tangle (ADHD) for students solely to improve their ability to ace a critical exam - such as the college affirmation SAT - or to get better grades in school.

Dr William Graf, lead framer of the paper and a professor of pediatrics and neurology at Yale School of Medicine, emphasized that the statement doesn't suit to the appropriate diagnosis and treatment of ADHD. Rather, he is concerned about what he calls "neuroenhancement in the classroom" The puzzle is similar to that caused by performance-boosting drugs that have been used in sports by such athletic luminaries as Lance Armstrong and Mark McGwire.

So "One is about enhancing muscles and the other is about enhancing brains". In children and teens, the use of drugs to advance learned performance raises issues including the unrealized long-term effect of medications on the developing brain, the distinction between normal and abnormal intellectual development, the point of whether it is ethical for parents to force their children to take drugs just to improve their academic performance, and the risks of overmedication and chemical dependency.

The no time rising numbers of children and teens taking ADHD drugs calls regard to the problem. "The number of physician office visits for ADHD conduct and the number of prescriptions for stimulants and psychotropic medications for children and adolescents has increased 10-fold in the US over the survive 20 years," he pointed out.

Read more

tag : children drugs paper medications teens neurology number performance american

How Long Time Smokers Meets Lung Cancer

How Long Time Smokers Meets Lung Cancer.

Medicare indicated recently that it might soon occupy CT scans to thwart longtime smokers for early lung cancer, and these types of scans are fetching more common. Now, an experimental test may help determine whether lung nodules detected by those scans are hateful or not, researchers say. The test, which checks sputum (respiratory mucus) for chemical signals of lung cancer, was able to call attention to early trump up lung cancer from noncancerous nodules most of the time, according to findings published Jan 15, 2015 in the magazine Clinical Cancer Research "We are facing a tremendous rise in the number of lung nodules identified because of the increasing implementation of the low-dose CT lung cancer screening program," Dr Feng Jiang, affiliate professor, division of pathology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, explained in a list news release.

And "However, this screening approach has been shown to have a high false-positive rate. Therefore, a significant challenge is the lack of noninvasive and accurate approaches for preoperative diagnosis of toxic nodules". Testing a patient's sputum for a group of three genetic signals - called microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers - may lend a hand overcome this problem info. Jiang and his colleagues key tried the test in 122 people who were found to have a lung nodule after they underwent a chest CT scan.

Read more

tag : cancer patients percent nodules sputum scans screening invasive smokers

New Drug To Treat Cystic Fibrosis

New Drug To Treat Cystic Fibrosis.

A restored hypnotic focused on the underlying cause of cystic fibrosis is showing promise in Phase II clinical trials, budding research shows. If eventually approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, the cure known as VX-770 would mark the first treatment that gets at what goes wrong in the lungs of bourgeoisie with cystic fibrosis, rather than just the symptoms as an example. Only 4 to 5 percent of cystic fibrosis patients have the blow-by-blow genetic variant that the drug is being studied to treat, according to the study.

But Robert Beall, president and CEO of the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, said VX-770 is only the fundamental in a new class of drugs, some of which are already in the pipeline, that may bring into play in a similar way in people with other cystic fibrosis-linked gene variants. "There has never been such a suspect of hope and optimism in the cystic fibrosis community. This is the first time there's been a care for the basic defect in cystic fibrosis If we can treat it early, maybe we won't have all the infections that exhaust the lungs and eventually takes people's lives away".

The study appears in the Nov 18, 2010 daughter of the New England Journal of Medicine. Cystic fibrosis is a progressive, inherited blight affecting about 30000 US children and adults. It is caused by a flaw in the CF gene, which produces the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) protein, which is mighty in the transport of salt and fluids in the cells of the lungs and digestive tract.

In salutary cells, when chloride moves out of cells, water follows, keeping the mucus around the cell hydrated. However, in woman in the street with the faulty CFTR protein, the chloride channels don't work properly. Chloride and or aqua in the cells of the lungs stay trapped inside the cell, causing the mucus to become thick, glutinous and dehydrated.

Overtime, the abnormal mucus builds up in the lungs and in the pancreas, which helps to defeat down and absorb food, causing both breathing and digestive problems. In the lungs, the accumulation of the mucus leaves forebears prone to serious, hard-to-treat and recurrent infections. Overtime, the repeated infections wreck the lungs. The average life expectancy for a person with cystic fibrosis is about 37, according to the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation.

Read more

tag : cystic fibrosis chloride lungs study cells treat patients mucus

New Methods Of Treatment Of Ovarian Cancer

New Methods Of Treatment Of Ovarian Cancer.

Women with advanced ovarian cancer who welcome extreme chemotherapy directly into their stomach area may live at least one year longer than women who pull down standard intravenous chemotherapy, a new study says. But this survival fringe may come at the expense of more side effects. "The long-term benefits are lyrical significant," said study author Dr Devansu Tewari, director of gynecologic oncology at the Southern California Permanente Medical Group, in Orange County for more. "There is no learn of ovarian cancer treatments that has shown a greater survival advantage".

Intraperitoneal chemotherapy involves bathing the abdominal arena with chemotherapy agents. By contrast, intravenous (IV) chemotherapy is delivered throughout the body via the bloodstream The US National Cancer Institute currently recommends intraperitoneal cure for women with ovarian cancer who have had moneymaking surgery to relocate the tumor.

The 10-year follow-up data from two studies of nearly 900 women with advanced ovarian cancer will be presented Saturday at the annual appointment of the Society of Gynecologic Oncology, in Los Angeles. In 2013, more than 22000 American women will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer, and more than 14000 will on from the disease, according to the US National Cancer Institute. There are no first screening tests for ovarian cancer, which is why it is often diagnosed when the cancer has already dispersion foreign of the ovaries.

For this reason, survival rates tend to be very low. In the new study, women who received the intraperitoneal remedying were 17 percent more likely to survive longer than those who got IV chemotherapy. On average, women in the intraperitoneal set survived for more than five years, while those who received IV chemotherapy survived for about four years, the retreat found. But survival benefits aside, intraperitoneal chemotherapy does consult a greater risk of side effects - such as abdominal vexation and numbness in the hands and feet - and not all women can tolerate this high concentration of cancer-killing drugs.

The drugs are also wrapped up more slowly, providing more exposure to the medicine. The same properties that make the intraperitoneal analysis more effective likely play a role in causing more side effects, the researchers said. In general, six cycles of intraperitoneal chemotherapy are recommended, and can be given in inpatient or outpatient settings. The more cycles the women completed, the greater their survival advantage, the swotting showed.

Read more

tag : cancer women chemotherapy intraperitoneal ovarian survival greater years effects



Welcome to FC2!

Latest journals
Latest comments
Latest trackbacks
Monthly archive
Search form
Display RSS link.
Friend request form

Want to be friends with this user.