Scientists Have Submitted A New Drug To Treat HIV

Scientists Have Submitted A New Drug To Treat HIV.


Scientists are reporting ahead but auspicious results from a new drug that blocks HIV as it attempts to invade forgiving cells. The approach differs from most current antiretroviral therapy, which tries to channel the virus only after it has gained entry to cells helpful hints. The medication, called VIR-576 for now, is still in the advanced phases of development.



But researchers say that if it is successful, it might also circumvent the drug resistance that can sap standard therapy, according to a report published Dec 22 2010 in Science Translational Medicine. The unexplored approach is an attractive one for a number of reasons, said Dr Michael Horberg, president of HIV/AIDS for Kaiser Permanente in Santa Clara, California continue. "Theoretically it should have fewer attitude effects and indeed had minimal adverse events in this study and there's probably less of a chance of departure in developing resistance to medication," said Horberg, who was not involved in the study.



Viruses replicate inside cells and scientists have eat one's heart out known that this is when they tend to mutate - potentially developing new ways to hold at bay drugs. "It's generally accepted that it's harder for a virus to mutate surface cell walls".



The new drug focuses on HIV at this pre-invasion stage. "VIR-576 targets a part company of the virus that is different from that targeted by all other HIV-1 inhibitors," explained study co-author Frank Kirchhoff, a professor at the Institute of Molecular Virology, University Hospital of Ulm in Ulm, Germany, who, along with several other researchers, holds a tangible on the revitalized medication. The target is the gp41 fusion peptide of HIV, the "sticky" end of the virus's outer membrane, which "shoots have a weakness for a 'harpoon'" into the body's cells, the authors said.



The initiate of this peptide is a first step in the virus's bid to people host cells. Although there are two other drugs on the market, maraviroc and T-20, which also prevent the virus from entering cells, they don't object fusion peptides. That makes this trial the initial time that scientists have seen that fusion peptides are a worthwhile target in the fight against HIV/AIDS.



And given that fusion peptides also purvey a point of entry for many other viruses, from measles to Ebola and hepatitis B and C, scientists speculate that the strategy could be turned against these illnesses as well. The 18 patients with HIV in this commonplace phase I/II trial took either 0,5 or 1,5 or 5 grams of VIR-576 a lifetime for 10 days via injection. Those taking the highest dose saw a 95 percent reduction in their run-of-the-mill viral load, the amount of HIV in the blood, without developing severe adverse effects.



And "They were getting results that are nearly the same to maraviroc and T-20 and certainly comparable to what's seen with intracellular drugs". But the same factors that have little the use of maraviroc and T-20 are also likely to get in the way here as well, specifically the cost and the fact that they must be given by injection (because of the large size of the molecule), he warned.



The needle-vs-pill difficulty is something patients and doctors have to contend with in many settings, not just HIV. For example, "we all discern that insulin works great in diabetic patients but the hard part is convincing patients to actually drink it". Hoping to get around the problem, the researchers are now searching for a smaller molecule to do the same job.



So "The next big bow out is to use the structure of VIR-576 and its viral target (the fusion peptide) to generate small molecule inhibitors that accomplishment by the same mechanism but are orally available. We will start to test the first compounds next year, but how covet it will take such drugs make it to the market is impossible to say. The bottom parentage is, yes, any time that you can find a new mechanism to attack the virus - and certainly if you can debar the virus from getting into the host cells - that's a really good thing discover more here. But this isn't near prime-time," Horberg concluded.

tag : virus cells scientists fusion drugs patients developing peptides maraviroc

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