The Flu Vaccine Is Little Effect On Men

The Flu Vaccine Is Little Effect On Men.


The flu vaccine is less capable for men than women, and researchers at Stanford University maintain they've figured out why. The manful hormone testosterone causes genes in the immune methodology to produce fewer antibodies, or defense mechanisms, in response to the vaccine, they found visit website. "Men, typically, do worse than women in protected response to infection and vaccination," said Stanford research associate David Furman, the lead study investigator.



For instance, men are more susceptible to bacterial, viral, fungal and parasitic infection than women. And men's safe systems don't come back as robustly as women's to vaccinations against flu, yellow fever, measles, hepatitis and many other diseases get more info. For the study, published online Dec 23, 2013 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the researchers analyzed the blood of nearly 90 adults after they received a seasonal flu shot.



Men with the highest testosterone levels had the worst comeback to the flu vaccine across the board. Testosterone is tied to enduring masculine fleshly characteristics, such as muscle strength, beard growth and risk-taking. "We found a set of genes in men that when activated caused a unlucky response to the vaccine, but were not involved in female response. Some of these genes are regulated by testosterone".



It's testosterone's impression on these genes that causes the poor vaccine response. "This has a lot of implications for vaccine development". Vaccine rejoinder might be better if men were given twice the dose, he suggested, or it is possible that if testosterone levels were reduced. The whole picture isn't at bottom clear or simple. Men's weaker response to the flu vaccine is only seen for some strains of flu.



So "We don't be familiar with why". One expert doesn't think testosterone alone explains the discrepancy in vaccine response between men and women. "There is more involved, but testosterone does affect the insusceptible response," said Dr Alan Mensch, medical director at North Shore-LIJ Plainview Hospital in Plainview, NY Mensch doesn't suppose it's necessary to increase vaccine doses for men. Rather, he thinks women can get by with a earlier dose.



And "There isn't a dissimilarity in the amount of protection from flu. Women just don't need as much vaccine". In this study, which tortuous 53 women and 34 men, researchers found that, in general, women had a stronger antibody return to the vaccine. This was consistent with findings from other studies, the authors noted. However, men with gloomy testosterone levels had an antibody response similar to women.



Furman's team also noticed that the movement of certain genes in men, but not women, was associated with a weakened antibody response to the flu vaccine. When they looked at manly testosterone levels in relation to gene activity, they saw increased activation of the Module 52 genes in men with boisterous testosterone levels. This resulted in reduced antibody opus for the flu, the researchers concluded.



But in women, activation levels of Module 52 genes had no significant import on flu antibody levels, the study authors noted. Some Module 52 genes are known to be coordinate to the immune system. The connections between these genes and testosterone might be a object for further study and drug development.



One unanswered question is what evolutionary purpose is served by having testosterone connected to the unaffected system. It's possible that an overly robust exempt response might be more dangerous than the disease itself. For example, women with their robust immune responses are twice as suitable as men to die from infections that invade the blood system herbalvito.icu. So perchance a somewhat less robust immune system can be lifesaving for men, he suggested.

tag : vaccine women testosterone response genes levels antibody study system

Post a comment

Private comment

Profile

ivankuleshov

Author:ivankuleshov
Welcome to FC2!

Latest journals
Latest comments
Latest trackbacks
Monthly archive
Category
Search form
Display RSS link.
Link
Friend request form

Want to be friends with this user.