Glaucoma Is Attacking The US Population

Glaucoma Is Attacking The US Population.


The changing makeup of the US residents is expected to move to an increase in cases of glaucoma, the leading cause of vision detriment in the country, experts say. A number of demographic and health trends have increased the enumerate of Americans who fall into the major risk groups for glaucoma look at this. These trends include: the aging of America, crop in the black and Hispanic populations, the ongoing obesity epidemic.



And as more people become at risk, expected eye exams become increasingly important, eye experts say. Early detection of glaucoma is elementary to preserving a person's sight, but eye exams are the only way to catch the affliction before serious damage is done to vision more bonuses. "The big thing about glaucoma is that it doesn't have any signs or symptoms," said Dr Mildred Olivier of the Midwest Glaucoma Center in Hoffman Estates, Ill, and a lodge fellow of Prevent Blindness America.



And "By the time someone says, 'Gosh, I have a problem,' they are in the end stages of glaucoma. It's already captivated most of their sight away. That's why we call glaucoma 'the pad thief of sight.'"



Glaucoma currently affects more than 4 million Americans, although only half have been diagnosed, according to the Glaucoma Research Foundation. It's cited as the cause of 9 to 12 percent of all cases of blindness in the United States, with about 120000 community blinded by the disease.



Glaucoma is most often caused by an widen in the ordinary fluid pressure inside the eye, according to the US National Eye Institute. The added bring pressure to bear damages the optic nerve, the bundle of more than a million nerve fibers that send signals from the watch to the brain. In most cases, people first notice that they have glaucoma when they begin to lose their superficial vision.



By then, it's too late to save much of their eyesight. "Glaucoma is the number one cause of irreversible but avoidable blindness," said Dr Louis B Cantor, chairman and professor of ophthalmology at the Indiana University School of Medicine and head of the glaucoma serve at the Eugene and Marilyn Glick Eye Institute in Indianapolis. "By the day it's noticeable, 70 to 90 percent of wraith has been lost. Once it's gone, it's gone. There's no retrieving vision down the drain to glaucoma".



The most common risk factor for glaucoma is simply surviving. "Glaucoma is a disease of aging. The danger of developing glaucoma goes up considerably with aging". As the population of the United States ages, the issue of glaucoma cases will naturally increase. As Olivier said, "We're just succeeding to have more people who are older and living longer, so we'll have more glaucoma".



However, people who are black or Hispanic also have increased hazard for developing glaucoma. Demographically, both groups are growing in the United States, specifically Hispanics. As their numbers increase, so, too, will the incidence of glaucoma.



Glaucoma already is the leading cause of blindness amidst black Americans and is five times more common in blacks than whites, according to US oversight data. "Not only do African-Americans get more glaucoma, they get it younger and it's more resistant to treatment".



More recent exploration has found that Hispanics develop glaucoma at about the same rate as blacks, according to the Glaucoma Research Foundation. Glaucoma rates go up dramatically for older Hispanics. "Once they get to about maturity 60, the incidence of glaucoma starts to go up. We don't separate why".



To a lesser extent, medical experts also believe that the portliness epidemic will contribute to a rise in glaucoma cases. People with diabetes are twice as likely to begin glaucoma as people without diabetes, although the reasons for that are not clear, according to the foundation.



What is clear, though, is that anyone in a risk pile should have regular eye examinations. The National Eye Institute recommends dilated perspicacity exams at least every two years for people at increased risk for glaucoma. "It's very weighty to get regular eye exams. Most of us go to the dentist every six months but get our vision checked every 10 years. Which would you rather lose, your vision or your teeth?"



But vision loss need not be a given. Medicines and surgeries at one's fingertips today can slow down the progression of glaucoma. "Vision loss is preventable. Many males and females with glaucoma can enjoy vision for the rest of their lives if the disease is detected early and treated promptly".



But the key, of course, is determination it early. "A lot of people don't know that the treatments we have for glaucoma are very good. Just because you have glaucoma, that doesn't stinting it's going to blind you more. But we have to capture it early".

tag : glaucoma vision people cases americans blindness early exams sight

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