Dirty water destroys people

Dirty water destroys people.


Groundwater and interface water samples bewitched near fracking operations in Colorado contained chemicals that can disrupt male and female hormones, researchers say. These chemicals, which are second-hand in the fracking process, also were present in samples taken from the Colorado River, which serves as the drainage basin for the region, according to the study, which was published online Dec 16, 2013 in the scrapbook Endocrinology mefeedia lesbian online store. "More than 700 chemicals are occupied in the fracking process, and many of them crazy hormone function," study co-author Susan Nagel, an assistant professor at the University of Missouri School of Medicine, said in a logbook news release.



And "With fracking on the rise, populations may appearance greater health risks from increased endocrine-disrupting chemical exposure". Exposure to these chemicals can develop cancer risk and hamper reproduction by decreasing female fertility and the quality and sum of sperm, the researchers said vito viga. Hydraulic fracturing, also called fracking, is a controversial process that involves pumping water, sand and chemicals strong underground at high pressure.



The purpose is to break open hydrocarbon-rich shale and extract natural gas. Previous studies have raised concerns that such drilling techniques could premier to contamination of drinking water. The oil and gas industries strongly disputed this untrodden study, noting that the researchers took their samples from fracking sites where lucky spills had occurred. Steve Everley, a spokesman for industry group Energy in Depth, also disputed claims in the examination that fracking is exempt from the federal Safe Drinking Water Act and the Clean Water Act.



He said the researchers grossly overestimated the tally of chemicals worn in the process. "Activists promote a lot of bad science and shoddy research, but this study - if you can even tinkle it that - may be the worst yet. From falsely characterizing the US regulatory environment to punctured out making stuff up about the additives used in hydraulic fracturing, it's hard to see how delving like this is helpful. Unless, of course, you're trying to use the media to help you scare the public".



In conducting the study, the researchers took a two-pronged approach. First, Nagel and her colleagues planned 12 fracking chemicals in the laboratory to condition whether they could disrupt male or female hormone function. They purchased the chemicals from a inventory company and then exposed human cell cultures to the chemicals. The researchers observed the retort of receptors for male hormones (androgens) such as testosterone and the female hormone estrogen.



So "We found that 11 of those 12 (chemicals) into either the estrogen or the androgen receptor," Nagel said in an interview. The researchers then went out into the field, taking flood samples from Garfield County, Colo, an compass with more than 10000 active wells. "We went to five sites that have experienced some well-disposed of accident or spill related to natural gas fracking, and measured surface and groundwater.



We also dignified groundwater at two sites that had very little natural gas drilling and had no drilling". The douse samples from sites with known spills contained moderate to high levels of hormone-disrupting chemicals compared to samples enchanted from sites located away from fracking, the researchers found. They also found let up levels of the chemicals in samples taken from the Colorado River.



So "If you count up all the types of activity, our sites had on norm double the activity relative to our control sites. Nagel said she hopes this into or raises a red flag for people who live near fracking operations. "We found more endocrine-disrupting vocation in the water close to drilling locations that had experienced spills than at comparison sites," she said in the copy release. "This could raise the risk of reproductive, metabolic, neurological and other diseases, especially in children who are exposed to endocrine-disrupting chemicals" healthbuy. Although the office found a potential risk of hormonal disruption from living near fracking operations, it did not authenticate a cause-and-effect relationship.

tag : chemicals fracking sites researchers water samples study process disrupting

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ivankuleshov

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